Argentina’s government would 'discourage' crypto usage under proposed IMF deal

Quick Take

  • Argentina’s government has signaled it will discourage the use of cryptocurrencies as part of a nearly $45 billion debt restructuring deal with the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
  • According to a memorandum detailing planned financial policies, the government would “discourage” the use of cryptocurrencies to prevent money laundering and other activities. 
  • Per local reports, the lower house of Argentina’s national legislature has approved the agreement; the upper chamber also voted in favor of the deal late Thursday.

Argentina’s government has signaled it will discourage the use of cryptocurrencies as part of a proposed, nearly $45 billion debt restructuring deal with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), leaving the country’s crypto sector questioning what this policy could mean if approved.

In a memorandum outlining financial policies under the debt agreement, Argentina’s government laid out a framework with goals from 2022 to 2024. These focus on government policies targeted to help the country’s growth and resilience. 

The IMF announced on March 3 that it had reached a staff-level agreement with Argentine authorities, but several Argentine news sites spotted a paragraph referencing cryptocurrencies in a leaked draft of the text days earlier. 

Per the text published by the IMF:

"Strengthening financial resilience. While commercial banks remain liquid and well-capitalized, strong bank oversight will continue, especially following the unwinding of pandemic-related regulatory forbearance. To further safeguard financial stability, we are taking important steps to (i) discourage the use of crypto-currencies with a view to preventing money laundering, informality and disintermediation; (ii) further support the current process of digitization of payments to improve the efficiency and costs of payments systems and cash management; and (iii) safeguard financial consumer protection."

For now, crypto companies and organizations are still largely trying to figure out what the potential impact of discouraging cryptocurrencies would mean, exactly. An IMF spokesperson did not provide further information to The Block on March 17. 

Argentina’s high inflation and foreign currency controls have contributed to local interest in cryptocurrencies over the past few years, turning Buenos Aires into a key hub for blockchain startups and innovation. The country ranked 10th on Chainalysis’ latest Global Crypto Adoption Index.

To gain clarity on the issue, nonprofit organization ONG Bitcoin Argentina announced on March 10 that it had filed a public information request addressed to the country’s economic minister, Martín Guzmán. The information request calls for the government to provide all documents, reports, administrative files, emails or other documentation that have evaluated cryptocurrencies and their links to money laundering and financial stability in the context of the IMF negotiations. 


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“We are convinced that the path is neither disincentives nor prohibition, but to work in a coordinated manner with the private and public sectors to take advantage of the potential of decentralized finance, so that more and more individuals can transact in a secure manner and security forces can improve their abilities to combat cybercriminals,” ONG Bitcoin Argentina’s Executive Director Javier Madariaga wrote in a March 10 blog post explaining the action. “It worries us that the authorities are agreeing to disincentivize a technology that the population itself has already massively adopted, instead of unleashing its potential to address historic problems.”

Spanish-language outlets including Criptonoticias and iProUP previously reported on the ONG’s action. 

Argentina's Senate approved the debt deal by an overwhelming majority late Thursday evening, following a marathon debate that started in the late afternoon. The agreement had already received approval from the legislature's lower chamber on March 11. Now, the IMF's executive board must discuss and approve the staff-level agreement.

Editor's note: This article was updated late Thursday evening to reflect Argentina's Senate voting in favor of the debt agreement. 




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About Author

Kristin Majcher is a senior correspondent at The Block, based in Colombia. She covers the Latin America market. Before joining, she worked as a freelancer with bylines in Fortune, Condé Nast Traveler and MIT Technology Review among other publications.