EU keeps focus on NFTs in latest anti-money laundering bill draft

Quick Take

  • New amendments to the European Union’s anti-money laundering bill cement NFT platforms as obliged entities.
  • The fork from the scope of the Markets in Crypto-Assets regulation is also addressed. 

Policymakers in the European Parliament are negotiating changes to the text of an EU anti-money laundering bill to highlight that NFT platforms or other companies providing services related to NFTs are covered by the regulation.

This diverges from the scope of the European Union's standard-setting crypto rulebook, the Markets in Crypto-Assets regulation, which explicitly left them out.

The MiCA framework, expected to pass a final vote next month, lays down the foundations of crypto regulation across the 27-nation bloc. While lawmakers intentionally exempted NFT platforms from its coverage, operators appear likely to be caught up in obligations under the proposed AML rules. 

“NFT platforms are not covered in the current definition of crypto-assets service providers under the MiCA Regulation to the extent they do not provide services in crypto-assets that are fungible and non-unique,” reads a draft of the AML proposal obtained by The Block and confirmed by multiple sources familiar with the negotiation. “In order to close this gap and mitigate associated money laundering and terrorist financing risks, NFT platforms should therefore be included in the horizontal AML/CFT framework as a separate category of obliged entities.” 

'Emerging vulnerability'

NFTs were first included in the AML regulation in September, but the new language may further cement their place in the legislation. The Financial Action Task Force, an international agency tasked with monitoring money laundering, warned last month that NFT marketplaces are an "emerging vulnerability" in the fight against illicit cash flows. 

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