Ethereum's Constantinople and St. Petersburg upgrade is live

Ethereum's latest upgrade, Constantinople and St. Petersburg, went live at block 7,280,000. 

According to, just 21.9 percent of Geth and Parity clients have upgraded their software to the Constantinople-compatible version. 


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The upgrade, which was initially scheduled for Jan. 16, contains 4 EIPs: 145, 1014, 1052, and 1234. 

Block times are expected to return to ~15 seconds, having risen to an average of ~20 seconds over the last month due to the increasing effects of the difficulty bomb. 

About Author

Matteo joined The Block as a Research Analyst in January 2019. After graduating from Columbia University in 2017 Matteo launched CryptoChat, an industry-leading newsletter providing commentary and analysis on the latest developments in the blockchain world, with emphasis on the burgeoning Ethereum ecosystem. Before joining The Block, Matteo was also the founder of NashHash, an Ethereum-based platform for p2p game-theory games, an advisor to several early-stage blockchain-based projects, and an active investor across the crypto asset markets. Matteo's interests include the analysis of on-chain data, which has led to the creation of the Fee Ratio Multiple and Network Value to Aggregate Fee Ratio metrics, and the intersectionality of Open Finance protocols.

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