Fed chair and US senator agree on core principles — and limits — for a potential digital dollar

Quick Take

  • While some lawmakers looking to CBDCs as a means of combatting the rise of private stablecoins, the Fed chair and a leading Republican on the Senate Banking Committee seem determined to leave a role for private operators.
  • Meanwhile, the Senate and the broader public are awaiting the Fed’s report on digital currencies. 

Senator Pat Toomey is adamant on establishing limits on a potential central bank digital currency, though he has not yet ruled out supporting one.

CBDCs were a hot topic during a hearing before the Senate Banking Committee earlier today focusing on Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell’s renomination.

In the past, Toomey, the leading Republican on the committee, has noted his desire to protect private stablecoins over a potential CBDC. Speaking with The Block following today’s hearing, he maintained that he would be open to authorizing the Fed to issue a CBDC, as long as it was not a means of pushing out private operators.

“It all comes down to design,” Toomey told The Block. “If design goes badly, then we’re much better off not having a central bank digital dollar. But if it’s properly designed, then I think it could make sense as long as we allow privately issued stablecoins to exist.”

It's a critical question at this point. The President's Working Group has said outright that Congress should tightly restrict stablecoin issuance, with the Financial Stability Oversight Council further threatening to take steps should Congress fail to act. 

Regarding any direct Fed accounts, Toomey maintained that commercial banks still need to act as intermediaries. 

In his final questions to the Fed chair, Toomey sought to confirm such limits on a CBDC. And Powell seemed to be on board, based on the dialogue. Specifically, Toomey did not want the Fed to handle accounts for retail users, nor did he want a CBDC to crowd out private stablecoins. 

“Some have advocated,” said Toomey, “that individual Americans have retail accounts with the Fed. It seems to me there is absolutely nothing in the history, experience, expertise of the fed that lend the Fed to be a retail organization.”

“I would say yes,” agreed Powell.

Toomey continued to ask, given congressional authorization for a CBDC: “Is there anything about that that ought to preclude a well-regulated private stablecoin from coexisting with a digital dollar?”

Powell was similarly in Toomey’s corner, saying: “No, not at all.”

However, Powell himself has been hesitant to throw his support behind any Fed issuance of a CBDC.

At a hearing before the Banking Committee in July, he called himself "legitimately undecided" on the benefits of a digital dollar. While he may have changed his position, he has not made that change public. And despite a great deal of interest in the Fed's delayed report on cryptocurrencies, in today's hearing, he cautioned against setting expectations unnecessarily high, calling the pending report "more an exercise in asking questions and seeking answers from the public” than a proverbial Magna Carta for digital dollar issuance. 

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