The team behind the decentralized exchange (DEX) Uniswap is preparing to deploy the exchange on the upcoming Ethereum scaling solution Arbitrum. The deployment will go ahead as long as a snapshot vote passes, one that is showing overwhelming support in favor of the expansion.
Uniswap is the biggest DEX on Ethereum and the second biggest across all blockchains, according to The Block’s Data Dashboard. But since it runs on Ethereum, it is often plagued by high transaction fees for swapping tokens. Right now a swap will set you back about $13, but these costs have skyrocketed to up to $200 at times.
Enter Arbitrum, a second layer scaling solution that’s built on top of Ethereum and promises to handle many more transactions with much cheaper fees. It uses optimistic rollups, a technology praised by Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin, in order to scale. It works by processing transactions on a sidechain and then regularly settling them in batches to the main Ethereum blockchain.
Arbitrum is set to launch this Friday, with help from blockchain developer platform Alchemy, which plans to help more developers integrate the scaling solution into their applications. So far, more than 150 projects have requested early access to the scaling solution, according to CoinDesk.
Voting for the deployment is taking place through an off-chain snapshot poll that ends Friday. Anyone can vote on the poll with tokens they have delegated to themselves, or tokens that have been delegated to them. Voting is done through signing a message in MetaMask rather than making an on-chain transaction. So far, 41.43 million UNI tokens have been used to vote in favor of the proposal, with just 204 UNI tokens voting against.
“Assuming the snapshot passes we intend to support the community by deploying the v3 smart contracts to Arbitrum! We have already begun work on interface support and planning the deployment,” tweeted Uniswap founder Hayden Adams.
If Uniswap deploys on Arbitrum, it will provide a way for DEX users to swap Ethereum-based tokens at a much lower cost. This will help Ethereum stay competitive against high-throughput blockchains, such as Binance Smart Chain, which have seen volumes increase in recent months, as well as sidechains like Polygon.
Uniswap was expected to launch this month on Optimism, a rival scaling solution that also uses optimistic rollups but with a few differences in technical implementation. In March, however, Optimism delayed its mainnet launch until July. So, since Arbitrum is launching so much earlier, Uniswap's deployment there will help it maintain market share. The exchange plans to later deploy on Optimism when it's live.
Why just a snapshot poll?
Uniswap has an on-chain governance system that lets token holders decide how the protocol is developed. This upgrade, however, looks set to pass without a formal governance vote — something that came as a surprise to some in the community.
The Uniswap team explained that upgrades happen in one of two ways. Either the on-chain governance system proposes and votes for a change to the protocol, or the team deploys the upgrade with sufficient support from the community. In theory, the team could also deploy anyway, according to the license, if it thought it was in the best interests of the community. These options are shown in the diagram below.
Adams said that this specific proposal “had overwhelmingly massive support. We decided to deploy ourselves. As the Licensor we don't need a license.” That’s in contrast to when an on-chain governance vote happens, which enables the community to grant additional uses of the core code, rather than the core team.
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