Decentralized stablecoin protocol Reserve has launched on the Coinbase-incubated Layer 2 network Base, its first deployment beyond the Ethereum mainnet, according to a statement.
The move enables users to create their own “RTokens” — decentralized stablecoins, flatcoins (pegged to the cost of living) or tokenized indices — using Reserve’s Asset Backed Currency Factory on the cheaper Layer 2 network. These assets are backed by overcollateralized baskets of Ethereum-compatible ERC-20 tokens.
Reserve's collateral options on Ethereum and Base include major stablecoins, ether and wrapped bitcoin, on their own or in yield-bearing form from protocols such as Compound, MakerDAO, Aave, Convex, Curve, Morpho and Flux Finance, the project said.
"DeFi should expand far beyond a few thousand power users," Reserve told The Block via email. "Base’s lower fees will enable people who are interested in using yield bearing stablecoins to actually use them without having all benefits wiped out by gas costs."
Reserve expands RTokens to Base
The first RToken on Ethereum, Electronic Dollar (eUSD), was introduced in February by the global payments app Moby for private transactions.
During the tumultuous 2023 run on Silicon Valley Bank, eUSD was severely stress-tested when Circle's USDC stablecoin reserves, housed at the bank, plummeted from $1 to 88 cents. eUSD's decentralized “self-healing” mechanism kicked in, autonomously recapitalizing and returning to the $1 peg without relying on regulators or bank guarantees. This self-recovery feature is inherent to all RTokens, Reserve said.
The first RToken deployers on Base are expected to launch in the next few weeks, according to the team.
Last week, real-world asset project Backed issued a tokenized security product on Base which tracks a short-term iShares U.S. treasury bond ETF.
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