Utah's top judge threatens SEC lawyers with sanctions over 'misrepresentations' in crypto case

Quick Take

  • The federal judge overseeing the SEC’s case against crypto firm DEBT Box has ordered the agency to explain apparent “false or misleading” statements that the SEC’s lawyers made while arguing for a restraining order against the company. 
  • The SEC’s lawyers face sanctions and have fourteen days to file a response to Judge Robert J. Shelby, the top federal judge in Utah.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has been ordered by Utah's top federal judge to explain statements made over the course of its efforts to implement and maintain a temporary restraining order (TRO) against crypto firm DEBT Box , a new court filing shows

The TRO was dissolved in October after Judge Robert J. Shelby, Chief United States district judge for the District of Utah, found several of the SEC's statements arguing for the order to be "false or misleading." 

The SEC claimed at the time that DEBT Box was actively in the process of moving assets overseas in order to escape the SEC's jurisdiction, closing bank accounts in June 2023 in order to "move investor funds" overseas to the United Arab Emirates "for the express purpose of evading the federal securities laws."

In an additional detailed filing explaining his order, Shelby explained that the SEC's claim during a July 28th hearing on the TRO that the defendants had closed 33 bank accounts in the past 48 hours constituted "the most significant evidence" that DEBT Box was attempting to move funds overseas. That evidence, along with statements made by the SEC that the defendants were blocking investigators from viewing certain social media pages, helped convince the judge to approve the TRO. 

However, in a motion to dissolve the TRO filed in September, the defendants argued that, in fact, zero bank accounts were closed in June or July 2023. Rather, the thirteen of the defendants' bank accounts that had been closed had all been closed on or before January 2023 — and nine of the accounts were closed by banks, not the defendants.

"There was no evidence that any bank accounts closed in the 48 hours preceding the ex parte hearing," Shelby wrote in his filing. 


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Shelby also found the SEC's characterizations of statements by the defendants to be misleading and questioned the SEC's claim that the defendants were blocking investigators from viewing certain sites, given the SEC characterized their investigation as "covert." 

Possible sanctions

Judge Shelby wrote that he’s “...concerned the Commission made materially false and misleading representations” in the context of arguing for the TRO. Shleby also noted that the TRO was an ‘extraordinary relief’ which also led to the appointment of a Temporary Receiver, who was given “full power over all funds, assets, collateral, premises . . . choses in action, books, records, papers and other property belonging to” DEBT Box, its affiliates, and its subsidiaries.

As such, Shelby ordered the SEC to argue why sanctions should not be imposed upon the Commission’s lawyers, and laid out several questions for the agency regarding the evidence it used to support its assertions in court. For example, Shelby wrote, “If the investigation had been covert, what factual support did counsel possess and rely on when representing Defendants had ‘taken action to block SEC investigative staff from viewing their social media sites?‘”

The sanctions, which according to the Federal rule Shelby cites “shall be limited to what is sufficient to deter repetition of such conduct,” may include monetary penalties, but could also be limited to “directives of a nonmonetary nature.” The agency’s response is due in fourteen days, and a spokesperson told Fortune, “We are in receipt of the order to show cause and will respond to the court as directed.”

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About Author

Zack Abrams is a writer and editor based in Brooklyn, New York. Before coming to The Block, he was the Head Writer at Coinage, a Web3 media outlet covering the biggest stories in Web3. The story he co-reported on Do Kwon won a 2022 Best in Business Journalism award from SABEW. Other projects included a deep dive into SBF's defense based on exclusive documents and unveiling the identity of the hacker behind one of 2023's biggest crypto hacks — so far. He can be reached via X @zackdabrams or email, [email protected].