Over 3.1 billion transactions have been processed across 24 crypto networks in the past decade: researchers

Quick Take

  • Blocknative, a startup tracking Ethereum mempool, conducted research that counts all transactions across 24 crypto networks 
  • The 24 blockchains together have powered over 3.1 billion transactions from 2009 to 2019 
  • Blocknative provides APIs for Dapps to display in-app notifications of all pending incoming and outgoing transactions.

More than 3.1 billion transactions were broadcast across two dozen cryptocurrency networks during the past ten years, a company that tracks the Ethereum transaction mempool has found. 

The research, conducted by San Francisco-based Blocknative, shows that the twenty-four blockchains together have facilitated over $4.6 trillion in aggregate transfer value from 2009 to 2019, 96% of which occurred between 2017 to 2019. 

The public networks surveyed were: Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin, EOS, Tron, Stellar, Tether, Ethereum Classic, Bitcoin Cash, Monero, Bitcoin SV, Binance Coin, Dogecoin, Zcash, Verge, Tezos, Decred, Dash, Neo, Waves, DigiByte, Bitcoin Gold and GAS. Those networks were chosen because they have the highest transfer transaction counts, citing CoinMetrics.

According to the published data, there were 259.2 million BTC transactions in 2019 and 242.8 transactions on Ethereum during the same year. There were a total of 1.1 billion transactions across all the surveyed networks during 2019, according to the company.

The team also expects Bitcoin and Ethereum to surpass the 1 billion transactions per year threshold in 2023. On a broader scale, they predicted that the group of networks could account for nearly 20 billion transactions over the next five years. 

"I recommend taking this forecast with a big grain of salt, as our future probably will not follow any linear growth projection," Blocknative CEO Matt Cutler cautioned in the blog post. 

Still, these numbers remain dwarfed by those from traditional finance. For example, Visa reported $8.8 trillion in payments volume for the twelve months ending September 30, 2019.


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"If we compare it to traditional payment rails, for instance, that there's a huge amount of upside in terms of things that we could do right. I think it begs the question of where do future transactions come from? So there's all this work happening to increase throughput, but where is that going to come from?" asked Cutler. 

Cutler proposed the so-called "net new transactions," or transactions that couldn’t have happened without blockchains, as one of the major driving forces of the next billion blockchain transactions. As an example, Cutler pointed to Sablier, an Ethereum-based Dapp that lets employees receive incremental payments via smart contracts. This payment cadence has previously been difficult to deploy due to the burdens involved. 

The team at Blocknative was first prompted to conduct such a report because of its business model. The firm provides APIs to Ethereum-based projects to track all inbound and outbound transactions before they are confirmed. As such, the team was initially interested in knowing the total transaction volume in the market. 

"The more transactions that are happening, the more opportunity there is for our infrastructure to track those transactions and add value to them. So we have the question, well, so how many transactions have happened and how many transactions are going to happen," said Cutler. 

Blocknative raised $2 million from Foundry Group in June 2018 and has mostly operated in stealth. Since its inception, the firm has worked with 40 projects, although its service is only limited to Ethereum for now. 

© 2023 The Block. All Rights Reserved. This article is provided for informational purposes only. It is not offered or intended to be used as legal, tax, investment, financial, or other advice.

About Author

Celia joined The Block as a reporter after earning her BA in the History of Science from the University of Chicago. Having spent years pondering over why 2+2 cannot equal 5, she is interested in the history and philosophy of mathematics, computation, and cryptography. She also had a very brief stint at Crunchbase News.