Senators announce compromise on a proposed amendment to crypto definitions in the infrastructure bill

Quick Take

  • The senators behind two competing amendments to the definition of broker in the infrastructure bill have reached a compromise.
  • With the support of the Treasury, the senators hope that the new amendment will be able to make it into the final bill, but the clock is ticking. 

At a press conference in the Senate on Monday, Senators Pat Toomey and Cynthia Lummis revealed a new compromise on cryptocurrency tax provisions.

The compromise has managed to get almost all of the senators working on two competing amendments on board, with the lone holdout of Ron Wyden, who apparently wanted greater privacy protections. The proposed amendment also has the support of the Treasury Department.

"We came together to provide greater clarity on who is a broker," Toomey said of the compromise. 

The infrastructure bill, in an effort to pay for its own outlays, initially codified new requirements for certain cryptocurrency operators to report transactions to the Internal Revenue Service as brokers. The issue was that the original version was vague about who would be considered a broker. The definition included "any person who (for consideration) is responsible for regularly providing any service effectuating transfers of digital assets on behalf of another person."

Toomey, Wyden, and Lummis had previously introduced an amendment, which the Senate did not add to the bill. The latest amendment differs from the earlier version in one key way, removing the following exemption from classification as a broker: 

"Developing digital assets or their core responding protocols for use by other persons, provided that such other persons are not customers of the person developing such assets or protocols."


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The emergence of two competing amendments to the original language of the INVEST Act last week proved highly contentious and sparked a backlash from the crypto industry. The conflict delayed the bill's passage in the Senate, which some had been expecting Thursday night.

It has been a remarkable showing from the cryptocurrency industry and its growing voice in Washington, DC. "Regardless of how this turns out," said Lummis, "This has been a very positive exercise for people in the cryptocurrency and digital asset space."

The compromise, however, faces a tough road ahead. While Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer has said that he will not block unanimous consent on the amendment, unanimity among the Senate is hard to come by. Any senator will be able to block the amendment. The clock is already ticking on the massive infrastructure package, though Toomey said "there's still time to adopt this amendment."  

Despite their work on this compromise, both Toomey and Lummis said they did not plan to support the passage of the overall infrastructure bill. 

© 2023 The Block. All Rights Reserved. This article is provided for informational purposes only. It is not offered or intended to be used as legal, tax, investment, financial, or other advice.

About Author

Kollen Post is a senior reporter at The Block, covering all things policy and geopolitics from Washington, DC. That includes legislation and regulation, securities law and money laundering, cyber warfare, corruption, CBDCs, and blockchain’s role in the developing world. He speaks Russian and Arabic. You can send him leads at [email protected].